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January-February 2017 NSDA Lincoln-Douglas: Plea Bargaining

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Big Sky Debate is pleased to release its January-February 2018 NSDA Lincoln- Douglas resources on plea bargaining!

The resolution, released by the National Speech and Debate Association on December 1,  2017, is:

Resolved: Plea bargaining ought to be abolished in the United States criminal justice system.

A list of briefs for this book appears below.

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Plea Bargaining Index

META

  • WHAT IS A PLEA BARGAIN?
  • MUST REJECT BROAD STROKES AND LOOK AT INDIVIDUAL CASES

AFFIRMATIVE

  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING DECREASES TRIAL BY JURY
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING EXTORTS CONFESSIONS FROM THE ACCUSED
  • DEFENDANTS: NO PROTECTIONS ARE BUILT IN FOR THE ACCUSED IN THE PLEA BARGAINING PROCESS 
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING VIOLATES HUMAN RIGHTS 
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING DECREASES SCRUTINY OF EVIDENCE AGAINST THE ACCUSED 
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING INCREASES CONVICTION OF THE INNOCENT
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING CAN LEAD TO AN INCREASE OF CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT 
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING INCREASES THOSE WITH CRIMINAL RECORDS, SIGNIFICANTLY IMPACTING THOSE TARGETED 
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING RACIST 
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING HURTS THE POOR 
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING UNDERMINES JUSTICE 
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING NOT ENVISIONED BY THE CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMERS 
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING DECREASES CRITICISM OF LAW ENFORCEMENT
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING PUSHES THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM INTO SECRET
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING UNDERMINES CONFIDENCE IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING INTRODUCES CONFLICTS OF INTEREST FOR DEFENSE ATTORNEYS
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING GIVES TOO MUCH POWER TO PROSECUTORS AT THE EXPENSE OF OTHER ACTORS
  • SYSTEM: NO RULES EXIST FOR PLEA BARGAINING
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING WEAKENS DETERRENCE
  • SYSTEM: OVER-CRIMINALIZATION HAD LEAD TO THE NEED TO PLEA BARGAIN
  • A/T: WE CAN’T AFFORD THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM WITHOUT PLEA BARGAINING
  • A/T: PLEA BARGAINING IS MORE EFFICIENT
  • A/T: PLEA BARGAINING RESULTS MIMIC WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IN A FULL TRIAL
  • A/T: INNOCENT PEOPLE DON’T CONFESS!
  • A/T: PLEA BARGAINING GIVES THE ACCUSED MORE SAY/VOICE

NEGATIVE

  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING INCREASES PARTICIPATIONS OF THE ACCUSED IN NEGOTIATION OF JUSTICE
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING NOT COERCIVE
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING DECREASE THE EMOTIONAL TOLL OF CRIMINAL TRIALS
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING PROVIDES SPEEDY JUSTICE
  • DEFENDANTS: PLEA BARGAINING LEADS TO JUST LOWER SENTENCES
  • DEFENDANTS: COURTS SAY PLEA BARGAINING MUST HAVE ADVICE OF COUNSEL
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING NECESSARY FOR OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM TO FUNCTION
  • SYSTEM: OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IS BALANCED
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING HAS ADVANTAGES FOR THE GOVERNMENT
  • SYSTEM: ALL ACTORS CONTINUE TO USE PLEA BARGAINING, DESPITE CRITICISM
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING IS EFFICIENT
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING KEEPS OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AFFORDABLE
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING IS AN IMPORTANT TOOL FOR PROSECUTORS
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING IS NOT STRUCTURALLY UNJUST
  • SYSTEM: PLEA BARGAINING IS BETTER THAN TRIAL-BY-JURY
  • A/T: TOO MANY INNOCENT PEOPLE ARE CONVICTED USING PLEA BARGAINING
  • A/T: PLEA BARGAINING TOO MUCH POWER FOR GOVERNMENT

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